Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu, Hatay, Türkiye
Introduction: Aim of this study was to functionally evaluate temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in children with Cerebral palsy (CP).
Materials and Methods: After recording the individual’s demographic information, questions about TMJ stiffness, presence of saliva, nutrition, oral splint, pain, respiratory system, history of epilepsy, chewing problems and disease were asked to the individuals and/or parents. Mandibular mobility was evaluated with length measurement and neck muscle strength was evaluated with manual muscle test.
Results: It was found that 15% individuals with CP who participated in the study, had jaw sensitivity, stiffness and locked up, 30% had headache, 25 % had bruxism, 15 %had nail biting and 25 % had otalgia. Swallowing problems were seen majorly in boys than girls (p<0.05).
Conclusions: It was seen that children with CP have TMJ problems. Literature on this area is limited so it was thought that research is needed about prevention and treatment of TMJ disorders.